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Bethel University Library

Business & Leadership Research Guide (CAPS & GS)

What are common steps in the Research Process?

1.  Analyze your information need

  • Write a question or statement about your chosen topic
  • Identify key words and phrases that describe your topic
  • Determine:
    • The level of coverage and depth of the information needed
    • The type of information needed
    • How much information you need
    • The currency of the information needed
    • How soon you need the information
    • What disciplines or groups would be researching and writing about your topic

2.  Select the best types of information sources for your paper/project/presentation

  • Books (including eBooks, dictionaries, encyclopedias, etc.)    
  • Articles from journals, magazines, or newspapers
  • Videos / Audios
  • Websites

3.  Select the appropriate resources in which to search

Start with the following pages in this guide:

  • Encyclopedias/Dictionaries
  • Books & eBooks
  • Journal Articles
  • Newspaper Articles
  • Media
  • Websites

4.  Conduct effective, efficient searches using "smart searching" techniques
     (The Conducting Effective Searches guide can help with this)

5.  Determine the relevance and reliability of the information sources you located
     (The Evaluating Sources of Information guide can help with this)

6.  Develop a working bibliography/reference list 
     (RefWorks can help with this!  Check out the RefWorks (Citation Manager) guide)

7.  Physically locate the desired material 
     (Sometimes this may mean requesting from another library)
     (The Locating Full-Text Articles and Decoding Bibliographic Citations guides can help with this)

8.  Read and think critically about your sources

9.  Write/develop an effective research paper/project/presentation

  • Click on Citation & Writing Help in this guide to locate tools that can help you with this

10.  Correctly cite the information sources you used (e.g., using APA Style) 
       (RefWorks can help with this too!)

  • Click on Citation & Writing Help in this guide to locate tools that can help you with this